Deutsches Nationaltheater Weimar, Großes Haus
A number of composers have made Weimar their adopted home over the last few centuries. From 1708 to 1717, Johann Sebastian Bach shaped Weimar’s music scene and reputation as a city of musicians. In 1848, Franz Liszt moved to the Altenburg as “Hofkapellmeister“, and invited the European music scene to join him. But Bach and Liszt – today household names the world over – were not the only musicians to choose Weimar as their place of residence and work. One of the most famous piano virtuosos of his time, composer Johann Nepomuk Hummel spent almost twenty years in Weimar, and Richard Strauss in turn underwent a period of development and maturation in Weimar. It was here that his symphonies Don Juan, Macbeth and Death and Transfiguration were premiered. The opera Hansel and Gretel by Engelbert Humperdinck similarly debuted at the then-Hofkapelle in 1893.
The music scene in Weimar has been characterised by the FRANZ LISZT University of Music since its founding in 1872. The some 750 students from over 50 countries are offered a vast range of subjects, which is focused on a strong sense of cohesion and interaction both in lessons and in music-making, in dialogues relating to science and research, and in various co-operations with professionals. The Staatskapelle Weimar is also one of the oldest orchestras and most historic ensembles in the world. For both concerts and operas, it seeks to combine consciously cultivating its great traditions with innovative aspects, and its guests include internationally renowned soloists and top-class conductors. Tours and guest performances travel to some of the world’s finest concert halls.