Weimar's locations of the Federal German Garden Show BUGA 2021
With Goethe having been so closely involved in the layout of this landscape park, it’s no wonder that it features both classical and post-classical traits. One of its main attributes is the many lines of sight, while its most distinctive architectural feature is Roman House.
The first sections were laid out by Prince Constantine, the youngest son of Anna Amalia. When Anna Amalia relocated her summer residence to Tiefurt, she gradually continued working on the park. It was later rearranged and restored.
Privy councillor Franz Kirms was one of Weimar’s floral enthusiasts and bred many botanical rarities. His niece Charlotte Krackow nurtured his legacy until into the twentieth century. The baroque summerhouse contains an exhibition on the history of flower cultivation in Weimar.
The Holzdorf park is considered by connoisseurs to be a high-ranking garden monument. The former owner Otto Krebs had the estate redesigned in the 1920s into a park in the style of French gardens, which is unique in Thuringia.
This graveyard with a park-like feel laid out in 1918 is one of the most beautiful places in Weimar to recall the classical and post-classical eras. The coffins of Goethe and Schiller can be viewed in the Ducal Vault, and many other Weimar celebrities are also buried here.
The barock garden, build in a strict french manner, would later be transformed to a british garden. Accompanying the garden of joy and the orangery, a russian garden, hedge-garden and a labyrinth joined the repertoire.
When Goethe moved into the summerhouse in the park, he rearranged the garden in line with his needs to include an orchard, vegetable patches, herbaceous borders, rose trellises and winding footpaths in star formation. Goethe also had positioned the rock of 'Good Fortune’ here.
Other parks and gardens
The palace grounds, a jewel of Thuringian horticulture, are adjoined by Pücklerschlag (‘Prince Pückler’s Patch’) – an elongated glade with beautifully fashioned contours. One of the woodland aisles laid out 250 years ago has been cleared again and runs from Ettersburg Palace to Buchenwald...
In 1932, the garden belonging to publisher Justin Bertuch, a contemporary of Goethe, was rearranged. Features typical of public parks of the day were added such as playing fields, an open-air swimming pool and other recreation areas.
Behind the church St. Peter and Paul vicarage are the gardens of the preachers and teachers. At one point, the famous theologian and philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder inhabited the superintendent’s quarters together with his large family, and the garden was used intensively.